Volume 9, Issue 4 (winter 2006)                   JWSS 2006, 9(4): 201-209 | Back to browse issues page


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S. R. Miraei Ashtiani, P. Zamani, A. Nikkhah, M. Moradi Shahrbabak, A. Naserian, F. Akbari. Study the Importance of Net Energy Efficiency in breeding programs of Holstein Dairy Cattle . JWSS. 2006; 9 (4) :201-209
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-513-en.html

Abstract:   (18616 Views)
Improvement of feed efficiency in dairy farming economically has a great importance. In this study, the genetic parameters of net energy efficiency and its relationships with milk yield, 3.2% fat corrected milk, body weight, gross income and income over feed costs were investigated, by the 2589 monthly records collected from the 723 lactating cows in the 3 herds. The different requirements of energy were estimated, by the National Research Council (NRC) models. A general linear model was employed for determining significant factors affecting each trait. The genetic parameters were estimated by a multivariate analysis with the derivative free approach of restricted maximum likelihood algorithm. The animal models contained the fixed effects of herd-year-season, parity number and stage of lactation, the regression coefficients of each trait on the dietary levels of rumen undegradable protein and metabolizable energy, and the random effects of animal additive genetic, permanent environment and residuals. The heritability of milk yield, 3.2 percent fat corrected milk, body weight, net energy efficiency, gross income and income over feed cost, were estimates 0.31, 0.32, 0.30, 0.34, 0.24 and 0.29 respectively. The results of this study indicated that the direct selection for net energy efficiency might genetically improve the feed efficiency. It also seems that the selection for fat corrected milk may be effective for the indirect improvement of feed efficiency and economic performance of dairy cows.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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