Volume 19, Issue 73 (fall 2015)                   JWSS 2015, 19(73): 11-22 | Back to browse issues page

DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.jstnar.19.73.11

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Dorostkar V, Afyuni M, Khoshgoftarmanesh A H, Mosaddeghi M R, Rejali F. Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on Soil Glomalin and Carbohydrate Concentration at Different Salinity Levels. JWSS. 2015; 19 (73) :11-22
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3131-en.html

Soil Sci., College of Agric, Isf. Univ. of Technol., Isfahan, Iran.
Abstract:   (6015 Views)

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are widespread endosymbionts in terrestrial ecosystems and their exudates have important effects on soil properties. A greenhouse experiment was conducted with six AMF treatments including four exotic species inoculums (Funneliformis mosseae ,Claroideoglomus claroideum  and Rhizophagus irregularis and a mixed isolate of three species), one mixed native AMF species treatment and a sterilized soil (control) with four salinity levels (1, 5, 10 and 15 dS m-1). AMF increased the soil (EEG) and total (TG) extractable glomalin, and also the hot water (HWC) and diluted acid (DAC) extractable carbohydrates compared to control treatment in all salinity levels. The native AMF species had the greatest effects on EEG, TG, HWC and DAC at 10 and 15 dS m-1. Soil EEG and TG concentrations were higher in the mixed exotic AMF treatment than in each AMF species. The greatest glomalin concentration was related to F. mosseae at 1, 5 and 15 dS m-1 but at 10 dS m-1 the greatest glomalin concentration was related to C. claroideum. The greatest carbohydrate concentration was related to F. mosseae at 1 and 5 dS m-1 but at 15 dS m-1 significant differences were observed among the three AMF species. Our results showed that there is an interaction between salinity and different AMF species, and a combination of them determines the function of AMF.

Full-Text [PDF 94 kb]   (1058 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2015/11/14 | Accepted: 2015/11/14 | Published: 2015/11/14

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