Volume 21, Issue 2 (Summer 2017)                   JWSS 2017, 21(2): 15-28 | Back to browse issues page



DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.jstnar.21.2.15

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Boali A, bashari H, jafari R, Soleimani M. Application of Bayesian Belief Network in Determining the Desertification Potential and its Influencing Factors Focusing on Soil Quality Indices (Case Study: Segzi Plain- Isfahan). JWSS. 2017; 21 (2) :15-28
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2825-en.html

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Abstract:   (889 Views)

Appropriate criteria and methods are required to assess desertification potential in various ecosystems. This paper aimed to assess desertification levels in Segzi plain located in east part of Isfahan, with a focus on soil quality criteria used in MEDALUS model. Bayesian Belief Networks (BBNs) were also used to convert MEDALUS model into a predictive, cause and effects model. Soil samples were collected from 17 soil profiles in all land units and some of their characteristics such as texture, soluble sodium and chlorine, organic material, Sodium Absorption Ratio (SAR), Electrical Conductivity (EC) and CaSo4 of all soil samples were determined in soil laboratory. The effects of measured soil quality indicators on desertification intensity levels were assessed using sensitivity and scenario analysis in BBNs. Results showed that the used integrated method can appropriately accommodate uncertainty in the desertification assessments approaches created as a result of the influence of different soil characteristics on desertification. According to the results of MEDALUS model, 28.28 % and 71.72 % of the study area were classified as poor and moderate areas in terms of soil quality respectively. Sensitivity analysis by both models showed that soil organic matter, SAR and EC were identified as the most important edaphic variables responsible for desertification in the study area. Evaluating the effects of various management practices on these variables can assist managers to achieve sound management strategies for controlling desertification.
 

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2014/11/16 | Accepted: 2016/08/28 | Published: 2017/08/27

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