Volume 12, Issue 45 (fall 2008)                   jwss 2008, 12(45): 287-295 | Back to browse issues page

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Alichi M, Shishehbor P, Mossadegh M, Soleiman Nejadian E. Species Composition and Distribution of Wheat Aphids and Their Parasitoids in Shiraz Region, and Seasonal Dynamics of the Dominant Species. jwss 2008; 12 (45) :287-295
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-920-en.html
Abstract:   (33196 Views)
In a study of aphids and their parasitoids in wheat fields of Shiraz region, the species composition, distribution and seasonal dynamics of the dominant species were monitored during 2004-5.Collections were made from 1-3 hectare fields in 10 locations within 50 Km radius around Shiraz city. Species density was estimated by counting individuals present on 40 winter wheat tillers taken at random along 2 transects 5 m apart in the fields. Eight aphid and 3 parasitoid species were identified through this survey. Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) and Metopolophium dirhodum (Wlk.) with relative abundances of 33.94 and 31.33%, Aphidius rhopalosipi De Stefani-Perez and Praon volucre (Hal.) with relative abundances of 55.53 and 39.90%, were the dominant species of aphids and parasitoids, respectively. Seasonal dynamics of the above species were also studied in Badjgah, located 15 Km north of Shiraz city. Peak populations of the dominant aphids occurred between late May and first of June 2004-5, and those of parasitoids were seen 1-3 weeks later. A comparison between seasonal parasitism of the dominant parasitoids showed significant preferences of A. rhopalosiphi on R. padi, and P. volucre on M. dirhodum. Since the total parasitism of both wasps was nearly 30% of the two aphid hosts, attention should be paid to chemical control programs of wheat pests (such as Sunn pest) so that it does not disturb the efficiency of the aphid parasitoids.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2009/02/26 | Published: 2008/10/15

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