Volume 12, Issue 45 (fall 2008)                   JWSS 2008, 12(45): 47-63 | Back to browse issues page

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Sabouri H, Rezai A, Moumeni A. Evaluation of Salt Tolerance in Iranian Landrace and Improved Rice Cultivars. JWSS. 2008; 12 (45) :47-63
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-899-en.html
Abstract:   (30903 Views)
In order to study the genetic diversity of 75 Iranian rice genotypes (45 Iranian land race, 25 improved cultivars, and 5 exotic cultivars) with respect to their salinity tolerance at seedling stage and to determine tolerance indices, based on biomass, genotypic code and Na+/K+ ratio a factorial experiment in randomized complete block design with three replications was conducted under control and salt stress(1.2, 4 and 8 dSm-1) conditions at Rasht Rice Research Institute. Root and shoot length, root and shoot dry weight, Na+ and K+ concentrations, and genetic score were studied. Significant differences were detected among genotypes for all traits. Shoot length and K+ concentration had the highest and lowest heritability estimates, respectively. Genetic score under salinity stress showed that Tarom-mahalli, Gharib, Shahpasand Mazandaran and Ahlami-Tarom with more biological yield root and shoot lenghes, and low Na+/K+ ratio were tolerant. Khazar, Speedroud, IR28 and IR29 were the most sensitive cultivars. Tarommahalli, Ahlamitarom, Rashti and Chparsar had low tolerance index, mean productivity, stress sensitive index, geometric mean index, stress tolerance index and harmonic mean for genetic score, whereas Khazar and Speedroud had high values for theses indices. Cluster analysis, based on seedling traits at 4 and 8 dS.m-1 divided the genotypes to three groups. Tolerante group had low genetic score and Na+/K+ ratio, but high root and shoot dry weight, biomass, root and shoot length.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2009/02/26

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