Volume 11, Issue 42 (winter 2008)                   JWSS 2008, 11(42): 551-563 | Back to browse issues page

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Naderi Khorasgani M, Karimi A. Geomorphological Characteristics of Claypan and Their Impacts on Land Degradation Using GIS Techniques. A Case Study: Rodasht Area (Esfahan-Iran). JWSS. 2008; 11 (42) :551-563
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-809-en.html
Abstract:   (45119 Views)

  This research was carried out to study the impacts of geomorphologic characteristics of claypan on land use and land degradation. Databank of the study area was constructed and digital terrain model of claypan was prepared. By using GIS techniques spatial distributions of the subsurface drainage network, sediment transportation index and wetness index were calculated. The results indicate that the depth to the claypan is between 0 (where the pan is exposed at the surface) to 605 cm. There are several depressions in the claypan which are filled by new sediments. Each depression has a catchment which is charged by the drainage water of its attributed lands. While a depression drains naturally or synthetically, the attributed soils over the depression are in non saline or moderate salinity condition otherwise, a marshland, a waterlogging area or a salt crust zone develops over there. The results also indicated that soil surface salinity is a function of depth to claypan and drainage condition of area. The trends of salinity extension are different for closed and open catchments and the depth to the claypan could be estimated using electrical conductivity. The results also show that analysis of microtopography of soil surface and soil stratification should be considered for designing irrigation and drainage networks.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/08/13 | Published: 2008/01/15

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