Volume 11, Issue 42 (winter 2008)                   jwss 2008, 11(42): 183-194 | Back to browse issues page

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Emrani S, Rezai A, Arzani A. Comparison of Selection Indices for Yield and Related Traits of Barley under Nitrogen Stress and Non-Stress Conditions. jwss 2008; 11 (42) :183-194
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-779-en.html
Abstract:   (43423 Views)

  The most desirable approach to improve characteristics such as yield with polygenic inheritance and genotype × environment interaction, is simultaneous selection using selection index based on related traits. This study was conducted Research Farm of Isfahan University of Technology, to compare selection indices for barley yield improvement under nitrogen stress and non stress conditions, using 49 F13 recombinant inbred lines derived from a cross between Azumamugi and Kanto Nakate Gold. A split plot design with randomized complete block layout in three replications was used. In non-stress condition 100 kg nitrogen per hectare as urea was used at early reproductive growth, stem elongation and grain filling stages. In stress condition, 50 kg nitrogen per hectare was only used at early vegetative growth stage. Smith-Hazel and Pesek-Baker indices based on 4 traits (days to heading, harvest index, growth rate and nitrogen harvest index) and also direct and correlated response of these traits were calculated. The result of response to selection and correlated response indicated that the selection based on higher harvest index and nitrogen harvest index under both conditions screens high yielding lines. Harvest index had high weight in both indices under stress and non stress conditions. Under both conditions and for Smith-Hazel and Pesek-Baker indices, growth rate had negative correlation coefficients. Therefore, the selection based on these indices, separates lines with lower growth rate. In this study, Smith-Hazel index had higher efficiency.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/08/12 | Published: 2008/01/15

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