Volume 11, Issue 40 (summer 2007)                   JWSS 2007, 11(40): 65-77 | Back to browse issues page

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A. Karimi, M. Mazardalan, M. Homaeia, A. M. Liaghat, F. Raissi. Fertilizer Use Efficiency for Sunflower with Fertigation System. JWSS. 2007; 11 (40) :65-77
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-687-en.html
Abstract:   (32261 Views)
In Iran, fertilizers are mainly applied directly to soil. In such conditions, the yield and fertilizer use efficiency are usually low. The simultaneous application of fertilizers and irrigation water (fertigation) is an appropriate alternative to increase the efficiency of applied water and fertilizers. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of various irrigation and fertilizer amounts on efficiency of applied fertilizers when used as fertigation in a Tape irrigation system. A field experiment was carried out with sunflower as a completely randomized design with 20 treatments and 3 replicates. The fertilizers were applied by fertigation. Four levels of the water (60, 80, 100 and 120% treatments I1 to I4) and five rates of the recommended fertilizers (0, 60, 80, 100, and 120% treatments F0 to F4) were applied.The recommended amounts consisted of 400 kg CO(NH2)2, 50 kg KCl, 30 kg FeSO4, 30 kg MnSO4, 50 kg ZnSO4, 30 kg CuSO4, and 30 kg H3BO3 per ha. Tape irrigation was used for every treatment. The results indicated that in fertigation method, there were significant differences ( P0.01) in fertilizer use efficiency (FUE) for the total dry matter and grain yield between treatments. The results showed that by increasing applied water, fertilizer use efficiency was increased and affected by fertilizers treatments. Thus due to higher availability of nutrients, fertilizer use efficiency increased. was Fertilizer use efficiency also decreased by increasing fertilizer rate. The results also demonstrated there were significant differences in all the treatments. The results showed that fertilizer use efficiency of K is higher than N and N is higher than P.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9 | Published: 2007/07/15

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