Volume 11, Issue 1 (spring 2007)                   jwss 2007, 11(1): 355-366 | Back to browse issues page

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Gh. Saeidi. Effect of Macro and Micronutrients on Seed Yield and Other Agronomic Traits of Sunflower in a Calcareous Soil in Isfahan. jwss 2007; 11 (1) :355-366
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-668-en.html
Abstract:   (27269 Views)
Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) can have an important role in vegetable oil production. Also, appropriate soil fertility is necessary to obtaine higher seed yield and quality of the crop. This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of fertilizer treatments of macro and micronutrients on seed yield and other agronomic traits in sunflower. The effects of thirteen fertilizer treatemts (as main factor) were investigated on agronomoic traits of two hybrid cultivars, "HiSun33" and "Euroflor" (as sub factor) in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The results showed that there was significant interaction between fertilizer treatments and cultivars for most of the traits and the effects of fertilizer treatments were dependent on the cultivar. Almost all of the fertilizer treatments of N, P, K, Fe, Zn and Mn either significantly or non-significantly decreased the means of head diameter, 1000-seed weight, seed yield/plant, seed yield and oil yield in Euroflor cultivar however, in HiSun33 cultivar, each of N, P, and K fertilizers had no significant effect on seed yield. Application of Zn and Mn fertilizer in soil or spraying them on plants had no significant effect on seed yield and yield components in HiSun33 cultivar however, application of Fe feritilizer (Sequestrene) significantly increased the seed yield of this cultivar and had no significant effect on its seed oil. In HiSun33, seed yield and oil content for treatments of control, NPK and NPK+Fe were 4946, 5155 and 7090 kg/ha and 40.72, 43.10 and 43.07 %, respectively. The effects of fertilizer treatments on oil concentration of seed were not significant, thus the variation of oil yield was due to the seed yield. The correlation coefficients and regression analysis showed that seed weight and head diameter were most important seed yield components,. In general, it seems that in a soil conditions like that of this experiment, Fe fertilizer can increase seed and oil yield in HiSun33 cultivar.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9 | Published: 2007/04/15

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