Volume 11, Issue 1 (spring 2007)                   JWSS 2007, 11(1): 229-241 | Back to browse issues page

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S. Tahmasebi, M. Khodambashi, A.Rezai. Estimation of Genetic Parameters for Grain Yield and Related Traits in Wheat Using Diallel Analysis Under Optimum and Moisture Stress Conditions . JWSS. 2007; 11 (1) :229-241
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-659-en.html
Abstract:   (20505 Views)
Half diallel crosses of eight bread wheat cultivars were used to estimate the genetic parameters and types of genetic control for yield and yield components, and to determine the effects of environmental factors on these parameters. Parents and their F2 hybrids were grown in a randomized block design under irrigated and stressed (terminal drought) conditions. For all traits, except for number of spikelets per spike and number of grain per spike, the effect of environment (irrigated v.s stressed) and genotype by environment interaction were significant. The mean square of GCA for all characters was significant in both environments, except for number of fertile tillers in the irrigated condition and grain yield in the stressed conditions. The mean square of SCA was significant for plant height only in the irrigated condition, while for number of fertile tillers and grain yield it was significant in both conditions. The high significant ratios of GCA to SCA mean square indicated the importance of additive genetic effects on controlling plant height, spike length number of grain per spike in both environments and number of spikelets per spike in the stressed condition. The parameter estimation revealed partial dominance gene actions for plant height, spike length and grain per spike in both environments, and number of spikelets per spike in stressed environment, whereas over-dominance gene actions were observed for the other traits in one or both conditions.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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