Volume 7, Issue 2 (summer 2003)                   JWSS 2003, 7(2): 115-125 | Back to browse issues page

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A. Mojiri, A. Arzani. Effect of Nitrogen Rate and Plant Density on Yield and Yield Components of Sunflower. JWSS. 2003; 7 (2) :115-125
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-468-en.html
Abstract:   (22771 Views)
In order to study the effects of different levels of nitrogen fertilizer and plant density on grain yield and its components in sunflower, an experiment was conducted using 'Record' cultivar at the Research Farm of College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology in 1996. Four levels of nitrogen (0, 75, 150 and 225 kg/ha) and four plant densities (65000, 75000, 85000 and 95000 plants/ha) were used in a split plot arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Developmental stages, plant height, stem diameter, head diameter, number of head per m2, grain yield, biological yield, harvest index, 1000-grain weight, number of grains per head, grain oil percentage, oil yield and grain protein content were measured. The results indicated that N fertilizer caused an extension of the growth period and means of days to physiological maturity. It also increased plant height, stem diameter and head diameter. While increasing plant density had an incremental effect on plant height, it negatively affected stem diameter and head diameter. N fertilizer up to 150 kg/ha increased the grain yield and biological yield, whereas higher levels of N fertilizer decreased both. Plant density of 85000 plants per hectare was observed as a suitable plant density, whereas the higher plant density had a negative effect on grain yield. N fertilizer via increasing the number of grains per head, and plant density via increasing the number of heads per unit area and also decreasing the number of grains per head influenced the grain yield. One-thousand grain weight was not affected by neither N fertilizer nor plant density. Considering the superiority of 150 kg/ha of N fertilizer and plant density of 85000 plants/ha for grain yield and oil yield, it appears that they could be recommended for producing desirable yield in the regions similar to the study region.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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