Volume 27, Issue 4 (Winter 2023)                   jwss 2023, 27(4): 21-36 | Back to browse issues page

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Jalinousi S, Joudaki E, Moghadassi A, Mahdieh M. Ammonia Removal from Oily Water by Microalgae Cultivated in an Airlift Photobioreactor. jwss 2023; 27 (4) :21-36
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4345-en.html
Arak University , a-moghadassi@araku.ac.ir
Abstract:   (630 Views)
This research presents the application of phytoremediation to remove ammonia from effluent possessing high ammonium content and alkalinity in one of the most complex refineries in Iran. The objective of this research was to find new methods to protect and preserve water resources. At first, the algae distribution was investigated. After purifying the samples, Chlorella Vulgaris was selected as resistant algae in the areas that experienced ammonia shocks. A 10-liter container and an airlift photobioreactor with similar laboratory conditions were developed to control biomass production. Experiments were conducted over 20 days and maximum biomass production occurred in the first 16-17 days. Cell density was expressed as dry cell weight in ammonia concentration from 10 mg/L to 500 mg/L. It was also observed that when the Nitrogen content of the culture medium was less than 50 mg/L, ammonia was completely removed in both methods. At a concentration of 10 mg/L, total ammonia in both methods was removed in the first week. At 50 mg/L to 100 mg/L concentrations, about 94% of ammonia was removed in the glass container and about 95% in the bioreactor. In these concentrations, with high ammonia content, the final cell density, and absorption power were significantly low and this was evident at 500 mg/L. Prevention of water evaporation and biomass settling, better control of some vital parameters including pH, temperature, light, and energy intensity, effective mass and heat transfer, and carbon dioxide concentration led to better efficiency of the airlift photobioreactor. A noteworthy point in this result was the extraordinary performance of Chlorella Vulgaris in removing toxic pollutants such as ammonia and possibly using it in the biological systems of sanitary, refineries, and petrochemicals.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2023/04/15 | Accepted: 2023/08/5 | Published: 2023/12/31

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