Volume 27, Issue 3 (Fall 2023)                   jwss 2023, 27(3): 281-292 | Back to browse issues page


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Dorfeshan M, Masjedi A, Heidarnejad M, Bordbar A. Experimental Study of the Effect of Geometric Dimensions of Rectangular Piano Key Overflow Crest on the Flow Intensity Coefficient. jwss 2023; 27 (3) :281-292
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4343-en.html
Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University , drmasjedi.2007@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (342 Views)
Piano key overflows have a high discharge capacity. Proper design of these overflows requires sufficient accuracy in predicting the type of overflows. In this study, experiments were performed in a rectangular laboratory flume made of Plexiglas to investigate the effect of the relative length and width of the two-cycle piano switch overflow crest on the discharge coefficient. In present research, the flow intensity coefficient was investigated by installing a rectangular piano switch overflow with relative crest lengths of 0.8, 1, and 1.2 and relative crest widths of 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 in 10 flow intensities in the channel. The results of this study showed that by increasing hydraulic load, the flow intensity coefficient first increases and then decreases. Also, by increasing the relative length of the crest by 50%, the current intensity coefficient increases by 43% in the overflow. Increasing the relative width of the overflow crest by 50% increases the current intensity coefficient by 25% in the overflows. Also, an equation was presented to determine the maximum relative scour depth, and the correlation coefficient of the results of this equation with the laboratory results is about 0.90.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2023/04/4 | Accepted: 2023/07/4 | Published: 2023/12/1

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