Volume 27, Issue 3 (Fall 2023)                   jwss 2023, 27(3): 225-240 | Back to browse issues page

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Najmi S, Navabian M, Esmaeili Varaki M. Performance of the Constructed Wetland Cultivated with Phragmites australis and Typha latifolia to Improve the Biological and Chemical Oxygen Demand of Fakhb Treatment Plant in Rasht. jwss 2023; 27 (3) :225-240
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4336-en.html
Guilan University , Navabian@guilan.ac.ir
Abstract:   (409 Views)
The increasing need for water resources and controlling the discharge of wastewater into the environment shows the necessity of wastewater treatment. Green methods such as constructed wetlands and phytoremediation use biological processes in the environment for wastewater treatment. Considering the effect of cultivated constructed wetland performance from wastewater quality and climatic factors, the objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of hybrid and subsurface vertical and horizontal wetlands to improve the biological and chemical oxygen demand of the wastewater treatment plant in Rasht City. The effect of Phragmites australis and Typha latifolia plants on the treatment performance was investigated. Wastewater retention time in wetlands varies from monthly in winter and weekly in spring and summer. The results showed that the performance of wetlands in reducing biological oxygen demand (BOD) was more than chemical oxygen demand (COD). Plants improved the performance of the wetland by more than 50%, but no significant difference was observed between the performances of the two plants. The arrangement of the plant's cultivation was not effective in the amount of biological and chemical oxygen removal. The hybrid wetland was able to improve the wastewater quality twice as much as the vertical wetland. Comparing the concentration of the effluents from the wetlands with the standards showed that the effluents from the hybrid wetlands could only be used for agricultural consumption.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2023/02/9 | Accepted: 2023/06/21 | Published: 2023/12/1

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