Volume 27, Issue 2 (Summer 2023)                   jwss 2023, 27(2): 163-177 | Back to browse issues page

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Shahnazari A, sadeghi S. Optimizing the Criteria of Crop Pattern Based on Sustainable Development and Increasing Agricultural Water Productivity in Tajan Catchment Basin. jwss 2023; 27 (2) :163-177
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4320-en.html
Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources , sonia_6812@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (833 Views)
In the present paper, crop pattern criteria have been evaluated relying on sustainable development to increase agricultural water productivity. Seven criteria were selected as the main environmental and economic criteria and were prioritized and reviewed for important and strategic products in the Tajan catchment of Mazandaran province. Criteria prioritization was done using optimization through a genetic algorithm with an objective function based on sustainable development. Then, physical and economic productivity indices were calculated to determine the productivity value. Based on the results, in the selection of the crop pattern, firstly, the category of economic criteria and finally the category of environmental criteria have been given attention to the farmers in the current situation. But in the genetic optimization algorithm, all priorities have a similar order from the environmental point of view and then from the economic point of view although each product has its order of criteria. By this prioritization, the parameters of the cultivated area, the volume of water consumed, and the amount of chemical fertilizers have decreased on average by 26%, 34%, and 21%, respectively, and the parameters of product performance and profitability have increased by 43% and 61%, respectively. In addition to providing environmental standards and increasing sustainable development, this prioritization causes an average increase in physical productivity by 84% and an increase in economic productivity by 72%.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2022/12/4 | Accepted: 2023/01/28 | Published: 2023/09/1

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