Volume 27, Issue 2 (Summer 2023)                   jwss 2023, 27(2): 179-193 | Back to browse issues page

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Tavakoli A, Basirat M. Effect of Arranger of Conductor Tubes of Adjusted Subsurface Drip Irrigation (SSDIadj) on Potassium Absorption and Pistachio Yield at Damghan Region. jwss 2023; 27 (2) :179-193
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4297-en.html
Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Karaj , art.tavakoli@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1015 Views)
Shifting of surface irrigation to drip system is key tool to reduce water saving. Due to the soil moisture profile variation of the drip irrigation; water distributed of the root zone is not uniform. Moreover, moisture deficit and inefficient fertilizing in drip system due to unavailability in deeper layers of soils is one of the disadvantages of drip system in pistachio orchards with depth root systems. An experiment was carried out by adjusted subsurface drip irrigation (SSDIadj) system in pistachio of Damghan region (Semnan province) in a randomized complete block design with split plot arrangement in three replications for three years. The potassium fertilizer amounts (Fertigation) at three levels (50, 70, and 100% of requirement) were considered as the main plot and the design of conductor tubes of the SSDIadj system in seven levels as sub plots. The irrigation guide tubes were arranged for sand tube irrigation in (control), 40-40-40-40, 40-40- 50-50, 40-40-60-60, 40-40-50-60, 40-40-50-70, and 40-40-50-80. Meteorological data from the nearest meteorological station was collected and analyzed. Yield, water consumption, irrigation water productivity index and growth conditions of ShahPasand pistachio cultivar were determined in different treatments. Data were analyzed using Genstat-12 software and based on the analysis of surplus costs and aerial data, the best treatment including combination of potassium fertilizer and arranged tubes of SSDIadj system was determined. The recommended treatments are including of full irrigation, full potassium fertilizer and guide tubes 40-40-50-70 and or 40-40-50-80. The treatments with stratified conductive tubes in the optimal distribution of water, improving productivity and reducing inefficient consumption water. In addition, there are no restrictions on subsurface irrigation such as root accumulation, root penetration into pores of drippers and as well as accumulation of salts.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2022/09/10 | Accepted: 2023/01/29 | Published: 2023/09/1

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