Volume 27, Issue 1 (Spring 2023)                   jwss 2023, 27(1): 303-320 | Back to browse issues page

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Khalaf R, Akhoond-Ali A, Soltani S, Rezazadeh K. Investigating River Flow Normalization Methods and Introducing a New Method. jwss 2023; 27 (1) :303-320
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4291-en.html
University of Ahvaz Shahid Chamran , aliakh@scu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2149 Views)
Due to developing abstractions and their impacts on surface runoff, the recorded flow has been changed by human activities in most water gauging stations. Therefore, there is not found natural regime in the catchments. Accordingly, the objective of naturalization is to remove the effect of human activity factors and determine the actual amount of the river flow before the abstraction and the upstream development. Researchers have presented different methods that are mainly based on volume budget. In this way, this research presented the conventional methods as well as investigated their weak points. These new and innovative methods have been applied based on the available data. The methods have been planned based on the net consumption in which, the different types of water demands related to the upstream of each hydrometric station, are estimated for each month of a long-term series. Then, the amount of natural flow is determined by adding them to the observed flow. The accuracy and validation of the results are investigated by comparing the observed and calculated flow. As a case study, this method was utilized and implemented for Tireh and Marbareh sub-basins in Dez as well as Solgan and Beheshtabad sub-basins in the Karun basin. The results showed the role of the human activity factors decreasing the long-term outflow in the Tireh basin a 23.2%, in the Marbareh basin a 28.7%, in the Vanak watershed a 26%, and in the Beheshtabad basin a 9.5%. The results validation indicated the appropriate compatibility of the observational and estimated data for the control points (the stations). In this research, natural flow is obtained by presenting a practical method based on available information in the country. The proposed method has been in the preliminary stages. To verify and comprehend it, it should be used in future research on the interaction of surface and underground water and the use of new technologies such as remote sensing.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2022/08/28 | Accepted: 2022/12/26 | Published: 2023/05/31

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