Volume 26, Issue 4 (Winiter 2023)                   jwss 2023, 26(4): 217-232 | Back to browse issues page

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Javiz E, Jalalian A, Mosaddeghi M, Chavoshi E, Honarjoo N. The Effect of Clay Mulch based on Bentonite Clay in the Dust Storm Stabilization in the Sajzi Critical Region (East of Isfahan). jwss 2023; 26 (4) :217-232
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4260-en.html
Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) , a.jalalian@khuisf.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1587 Views)
One of the most significant environmental crises in arid, semi-arid, sub-humid, and even humid regions is the destructive phenomenon of desertification and in the arid and semi-arid regions is wind erosion. These problems exist in large areas of Iran and it is necessary to use an environmentally friendly and economic method to solve this problem. In this study, calcium bentonite clay was used for the first time in Iran and perhaps in the worlds in the critical region of Sajzi, which covers an area of 65 hectares. Experiments were performed on the crusts after one year of mulching with bentonite clay. The results showed that wind erosion has a negative and significant correlation with the mean weight diameter and geometric weight diameter of aggregate, aggregates with diameters greater than 0.25 mm, shear strength, and penetration resistance. On the other hand, the results of the permeability test using double-ring and by three models (Kostiakov, Horton, and Philip) showed that the lowest mean square error (SSE) and the highest coefficient of determination (R2) belonged to the Kostiakov model in the mulch-applied and control samples. This result indicated the superiority of the Kostiakov model compared to Horton and Philip's models. Wind erosion intensity was also measured in situ using a portable wind tunnel at 20 points in the Sajzi region. The findings showed that mulch application has controlled more than 95% of soil erosion.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2022/04/23 | Accepted: 2022/06/25 | Published: 2023/03/1

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