Volume 26, Issue 3 (Fall 2022)                   jwss 2022, 26(3): 177-191 | Back to browse issues page

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Noury Hasanabady H, Kavianpour M, Khosrojerdi A, Babazadeh H. Numerical Study of the Rough Bed Impact on Energy Dissipation and Cavitation on Chute Spillways. jwss 2022; 26 (3) :177-191
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4211-en.html
Khaje Nasir Toosi University of Technology , kavianpour@kntu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1001 Views)
Using a rough bed for spillway compare to common dissipation methods such as stilling basins, stepped spillways, ski jumps, and bed elements may be more efficient to boost energy dissipation. In this research, the impact of spillway continuous bed roughness on energy dissipation was investigated. For this purpose, a non-dimensional relationship was developed, and by calibrating the numerical model based on the present experimental study, energy dissipation over the spillway for three slopes of 15, 22.5, and 30 (degree) with six roughness sizes of 0.0, 0.005, 0.0072, 0.0111, 0.016, and 0.022 (m) and three discharges of 170, 110, and 90 (lit/s) was investigated. Based on the present results, using a rough bed spillway will increase energy dissipation. Also, the ratio of energy lost per meter length of rough bed spillway to that of smooth spillway increases by chute slope. The results showed that the highest amount of relative energy consumption in the presence of roughness was related to the slope of 22.5 degrees and 22.2 mm for roughness (85%), and the lowest relative energy consumption was observed in the control state (25%). As a result of the present study, a natural rough bed without concrete coating has befitted in terms of environmental aspects, construction cost, and energy loss.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2021/09/17 | Accepted: 2021/12/14 | Published: 2022/12/1

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