Volume 26, Issue 3 (Fall 2022)                   jwss 2022, 26(3): 127-142 | Back to browse issues page

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Fattah P, Hosseini K, Hashemi A. Investigation of Sedimentation of Small Catchments under Precipitation Pattern and Basin Characteristics in Arid and Semi-Arid Climate. jwss 2022; 26 (3) :127-142
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4147-en.html
Semnan University , khhoseini@semnan.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1537 Views)
Splash (raindrop) erosion plays an significant role in soil loss, especially in arid and semi-arid regions with poor vegetation. In this paper, by analyzing the pattern of rainfalls that occurred during 26 years in four basins located in Semnan County, their effect on the pattern of eroded sediments from the basin was investigated. Sedimentary layers from the sampling of retarding reservoir sediments in 2017 were related to the corresponding precipitations. Due to the occurrence of the highest amount of rainfall in each quarter of rainfall, rainfall hyetographs were divided into four categories. Cumulative precipitation curves with similar quartiles were drawn in one shape and compared with sediment curves and vice versa taking into account the physical characteristics of the basin. The results showed that the Aliabad basin (with less slope and more elongation) with an effective quarter of type 3 had the highest similarity in precipitation and sediment patterns. Also, the Western Soldereh basin (with the highest slope and the least elongation) with an effective quarter of type 2 had the least similarity in precipitation and sediment patterns. The results indicate the vital role of rainfall patterns on the resulting sediment patterns, which show up to 85% similarity.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2021/03/26 | Accepted: 2021/11/22 | Published: 2022/12/1

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