Volume 26, Issue 3 (Fall 2022)                   jwss 2022, 26(3): 15-34 | Back to browse issues page

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Ahmadzadeh H, Fakheri Fard A, ghorbani M A, Tajrishy M. Evaluation of the Simultaneous Effect of Changes of Climatic Variables and Land Use on the Actual Evapotranspiration Trend Using the SWAT Model in the Ajichi Basin. jwss 2022; 26 (3) :15-34
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4092-en.html
Tabriz University , hojatahmadzadeh6@gmail.com
Abstract:   (977 Views)
Determining the actual evapotranspiration value and analyzing its temporal trend is essential for optimal water resources management in a basin. In the present paper, the actual evapotranspiration time series is simulated and its trend is analyzed according to the trend of climatic variables and land use in the Ajichi basin during the period of 2015-1987. The comprehensive SWAT model was set up, calibrated, and validated for the Ajichi basin. Also, the average of simulated actual evapotranspiration of crops (in wet years) was compared with similar values in the National Water Document. The results of the Mann-Kendall trend test showed that the annual rainfall in most meteorological stations had a decreasing trend and the rainfall trend in the ten stations decreased significantly. While the annual maximum temperature at all stations and the annual minimum temperature in most of them have significantly increased. Investigation of land use maps illustrated that the irrigated land area of the basin has increased by a 39% during the study period. According the study's results, the potential evapotranspiration of the basin has had a significant increasing trend with a rate of 2.54 mm per year. The results indicated that despite the increasing trend of potential evapotranspiration and irrigated land area, the actual evapotranspiration of the basin had a significant decreasing trend with a rate of 2.2 mm per year due to the decrease in rainfall.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2020/11/12 | Accepted: 2021/11/6 | Published: 2022/12/1

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