Volume 25, Issue 3 (Fall 2021)                   jwss 2021, 25(3): 245-260 | Back to browse issues page

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Rahimian M, Abedi Koupaei J. Estimation of Seasonal Capillary Rise and its Relationship with Evapotranspiration and Soil Salinization in Khuzestan Region. jwss 2021; 25 (3) :245-260
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4055-en.html
National Salinity Research Center (NSRC), , mhrahimian@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2151 Views)
Soil salinization is a phenomenon that threatens agricultural lands and natural areas, leading to reduced productivity, declinations of soil resources and vegetation covers, and finally, the abandonment of these areas. This study has quantified the groundwater Capillary Rise (CR) and actual Evapotranspiration (ETa) and their relationship with the soil salinity of Azadegan plain, west of Khuzestan Province. The study area has an arid climate, characterized by shallow and saline water table and a high potential evaporation rate. For this purpose, field samplings were carried out in four consecutive seasons of the year to measure salinity, soil moisture, and texture, groundwater table, and salinity at 27 scattered representative points of the study area. The CR values were estimated in different seasons of the year using UPFLOW model. Moreover, four representative Landsat satellite images were acquired to map seasonal changes of ETa through the SEBAL algorithm. Then, the effects of ETa on CR and consequent soil salinity build up were quantified in a seasonal time scale. The results showed that the average daily ETa of Azadegan plain varied from 1.55 to 7.96 mm day-1 in different seasons which caused a capillary rise of around 1.2 to 1.5 mm.day-1. This has led to the upward movement of 12 to 18.8 ton ha-1  month-1 of salts from shallow groundwater to the soil surface, which has caused surface soil salinization. Also, there was a close relationship between ETa, CR, and soil salinity parameters, which can provide insight into modeling of spatial and temporal changes of soil salinity and provision of solutions to reduce the accumulation of solutes in the soils of the study area.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2020/07/26 | Accepted: 2021/02/6 | Published: 2021/12/1

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