Volume 25, Issue 3 (Fall 2021)                   jwss 2021, 25(3): 45-57 | Back to browse issues page


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Nasiri S, Ansari H, Ziaei A. Analysis of Groundwater Balance of Samalqan Plain Aquifer Using SWAT and MODFLOW Models. jwss 2021; 25 (3) :45-57
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4048-en.html
Ferdowsi university of Mashhad , ansary@um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1926 Views)
Reducing surface water resources and successive droughts and consequently excessive use of groundwater resources, especially for agricultural purposes, have caused irreparable damage to the natural resources of the country. In the meantime, knowing the status of the water balance of the plain can help to effective management of water resources in the region. Samalqan plain is located in a semi-arid climate in North Khorasan Province. Since the surface water resources for water supply are not very reliable, so, the main source of water supply in the region is well. Due to the existence of rivers in the plain, the low thickness of the alluvium, groundwater level fluctuations, and the high uncertainty in the calculation of hydrodynamic coefficients, the need for careful hydrogeological studies and determining the role of each parameter affecting groundwater is necessary. This study was conducted to simulate the Samalqan aquifer and analysis of water balance for the years 2003 to 2013 using the MODFLOW model. To identify the groundwater recharge rate, this component was estimated by the SWAT model. Calibration and validation of the model with an error of 1.1% and 1.2%, respectively, indicated that an appropriate estimation between the simulated and observed heads. Assessment of the groundwater hydrograph in the observation wells showed that the groundwater level in most places has many monthly and seasonal fluctuations. After drawing the potential lines of the plain, the inputs and outputs were identified, and using the reserve volume changes, the water balance was determined. The results showed that the water balance of the plain was negative and the reservoir deficit was estimated at 9.14 million cubic meters. Therefore, this model can be used to predict the future situation of aquifer and the management of water resources in the region.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2020/07/10 | Accepted: 2020/12/1 | Published: 2020/11/30

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