Volume 25, Issue 3 (Fall 2021)                   jwss 2021, 25(3): 191-207 | Back to browse issues page


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Khosravani P, Baghernejad M, Abtahi A, Ghasemi R. Comparison of the Efficiency of Soil Taxonomy (2014) and WRB (2015) Systems in the Study of Soil Variations in Different Landform Positions. jwss 2021; 25 (3) :191-207
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4019-en.html
Shiraz University , majidbaghernejad@yahoo.co.uk
Abstract:   (1919 Views)
Soil classification in a standard system is usually defined based on information obtained from properties and their variations in different map units. The aim of this study was to compare soil genesis and morphological characteristics in different landforms with WRB and Soil Taxonomy (ST) Systems. From nine studied profiles, six profiles were selected as representative profiles and dug in Colluvial fans, Piedmont plain, and Alluvial plain physiographic units, respectively. Then, the soils were classified according to the pattern of the two systems. Also, variation analysis of variance (ANOVA) and comparing means were used to quantify interested soil properties. The results of soil physio-chemical properties at different landform positions were significant based on analysis of variance of the effect of physiographic units and soil depth at the level of 1 %. Soil classification results based on WRB indicated that WRB were recognized four reference soil groups (RSG) included Regosols, Cambisols, Calcisols, and Gleysols at the first level of WRB classification in comparison of ST with recognizing two order Entisols and Inceptisols could separate more soils. The soils were located on the alluvial plain with a high groundwater level in the WRB due to the creation of restrictive conditions for root development in contrast to the ST called “Aquepts” in the suborder level but in a WRB is classified as the “Gleysols” RSG. On the other hand, ST, unlike WRB, used the Shallow criteria at the family level to describe the shallowness of soils and the limitations of root development. Generally, the efficiency of each system varies despite the differences in their structure and depending on the purpose of using them.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2020/04/23 | Accepted: 2021/01/13 | Published: 2021/12/1

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