Volume 25, Issue 2 (Summer 2021)                   jwss 2021, 25(2): 13-24 | Back to browse issues page

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Salamati N, Danaie A, Behbahani L. Comparison and Evaluation of the Effects of Different Levels of Tape Drip Irrigation on Yield and Water Use Efficiency of Two Local Behbahan and Shevin Sesame Varieties. jwss 2021; 25 (2) :13-24
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4012-en.html
1. Agricultural Engineering Research Department, Khuzestan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Ahvaz, Iran. , nadersalamati@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2074 Views)
To investigate and evaluate the effects of different levels of drip irrigation on grain yield and yield components, oil yield, seed oil percentage, and seed water use efficiency, an experiment was performed at Behbahan Agricultural Research Station during two crop years 2018-19 and 2019-20. The experiment was conducted in split plots based on a randomized complete block design with 3 replications. The amount of water in tape drip irrigation was compared at four levels of 40, 60, 80, and 100% water requirement in main plots and two sesame cultivars Local of Behbahan and Shevin in subplots from the beginning of flowering. Comparison of mean interaction effects of irrigation levels and cultivars showed that the treatment of 100% water requirement in the Behbahan local cultivar with the yield of 1218.0 kg/ha was ranked first and foremost. Water consumption in the highest treatment (100% water requirement and Behbahan local cultivar) was calculated to be 5389.4 m3/ha. Treatments of 100% and 80% of water requirement in superior cultivar (local Behbahan) with water use efficiency of 0.226 and 0.210 kg/m3 had no significant difference, respectively, and were in the first place. Pearson correlation coefficient calculated for the measured traits showed that the highest correlation of water volume was calculated (r = 0.9271) with the weight of one thousand seeds. Significant correlations of water volume with grain yield and yield components indicated that sesame was susceptible to drought stress and attention to optimal water management in sesame cultivation. Therefore, decreasing the volume of water consumed and consequently drought stress in sesame reduced yield and yield components.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2020/04/18 | Accepted: 2020/07/1 | Published: 2021/02/28

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