Volume 25, Issue 2 (Summer 2021)                   JWSS 2021, 25(2): 25-44 | Back to browse issues page

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Banihashemi S, Eslamian S S, Nazari B. Prediction of Local Alterations in the Relative Amounts of Temperature and Precipitation Caused by Climate Change in Near and Far Future, and Drought Investigation Using SPI and SPEI Indices in Qazvin Plain, Iran. JWSS. 2021; 25 (2) :25-44
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3910-en.html
1. Department of Water Engineering, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran. , m.banihashemi@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (781 Views)
The upcoming climate change has become a serious concern for the human society. These changes, caused and aggravated by the industrial activities of the international community and the increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, are seen as a threat to the food security and environment. Temperature change and precipitation are studied in the form of different probabilistic scenarios in order to have an outlook for the future. The present study was conducted to address the effects of climate changes on temperature and precipitation in Qazvin plain in the form of five AOGCMs including Hadcm3, CSIRO-MK3, GFDL, CGCM3 and MICROC3.2, and 3 greenhouse gas emission scenarios of A1B, A2 and B1, based on different possible scenario combinations in the next 30 years, 2021-2050 and 2051-2080 (near and far future). On basis of the study results, all 4 target stations, on average, will have experienced a change between two ratios of 0.5 and 1.4 of  the observed precipitation period  by the end of 2050, and the mean temperature will have had a change  between -0.1 to 1.6 °C, relative to the observed period.  By the end of 2080,  the  precipitation will also have fluctuated between the two proportions of 0.5 and 1.7 times of the observed precipitation period and the mean temperature will touch an increase between 0.6 and 2.6 °C. Both SPI and SPEI indices suggest the increment in the number of dry periods in the near and far future. However, the total number of negative sequences differed considering the 3, 12 and 24-month intervals at the stations level. Given the SPEI index, as compared to the base period, the total negative sequences of drought and number of dry periods will increase at 3 stations of Avaj, Bagh-Kowsar and Shahid-rajaei-powerhouse and decrease at Qazvin station in the future; however, SPI gives different results, such that  for Bagh-Kowsar, there will be an increase in both total negative sequences of drought and number of dry periods, as  compared to the baseline period; three other stations will have more dry periods, specifically, but less total negative sequences. The results reported that the drought events would become severe, and the wet events would become extreme in the future.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2019/07/6 | Accepted: 2020/07/28 | Published: 2021/09/1

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