Volume 7, Issue 1 (spring 2003)                   JWSS 2003, 7(1): 91-106 | Back to browse issues page

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M. R. Mosaddeghi, A. Hemmat, M. A. Hajabbasi. Changes in Some Physical and Mechanical Properties of a Structurally Unstable Soil after Flood Irrigation. JWSS. 2003; 7 (1) :91-106
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-386-en.html
Abstract:   (21193 Views)
Soil tilth is crucial to seedling emergence, plant growth, and crop yield. Soil tilth of unstable soil is very susceptible to change. Internal forces originating from matric suction can change soil physical properties. A laboratory study was conducted on pots of a surface silty clay loam soil of Khomeinishahr series (fine-loamy, mixed, thermic Typic Haplargids, USDA), located in Research Farm of Isfahan University of Technology. Soil surface subsidence, bulk density, cone index, and tensile strength were measured after first flood irrigation. Results showed that the seedbed (0-20 cm) with a bulk density of 1.2 Mg.m-3 will be changed to a massive soil with high values of bulk density, cone index, and tensile strength after soil wetting. Slaking, slumping and coalescence of the soil caused soil surface to subside about 1.5 cm in 20 cm soil layer. After irrigation, cone index and tensile strength increased abruptly with decreasing of moisture content. It is shown that the dominant source of strength (cone index and tensile strength) gain during drying is the effective stress due to matric suction. In the absence of external loads, physical state (tilth) of the soil returned back to the original state. Therefore, soil slaking and slumping and rearrangement of particles along with the internal forces are the factors leading to soil hardness.
Full-Text [PDF 378 kb]   (2010 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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