Volume 23, Issue 4 (winter 2020)                   jwss 2020, 23(4): 299-312 | Back to browse issues page

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Noshadi M, Ahadi A. Analyzing Piezometers’ Behavior to Determine the Lag Time of the Rainfall Effects on the Groundwater Level Fluctuations in the Alluvial Plain of Shiraz by Using SPI and GRI Indices. jwss 2020; 23 (4) :299-312
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3831-en.html
1. Department of Water Science and Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran. , noshadi@shirazu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4359 Views)
Groundwater supplies a major portion of two basic human needs: drinking and agricultural water. Forecasting, monitoring, evaluating the performance and planning of this vital resource require modelling. The lag time of the groundwater level fluctuations against the rainfall is one of the essential data of the models. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the piezometers behaviour by using the Pearson cross-correlation method between SPI and GRI indices in the Shiraz alluvial plain in order to determine the mentioned lag time. The results showed a similar behaviour for 86.2% of the piezometers. In 79.3% of the piezometers, groundwater level was declined one month after the rainfall event. The best correlation coefficient between the aforementioned indices was observed along the southwestern to the northeastern axis of the plain. The northern alluvial plain has a better correlation, as compared to the southern section because of the northern-southern slope of the plain. The central area of the plain had the highest correlation coefficient. The maximum correlation coefficients occurred at a time scale of 48 months. Also, since 2004, due to the decline in the atmospheric precipitation in the Shiraz plain, the SPI index has surpassed the drought level, although the trend has not been significant. However, the GRI does not follow this trend, showing a significant hydrological drought. The reason can be the disproportionate water extraction to recharge ratio in the alluvial aquifer of the plain.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2019/01/13 | Accepted: 2019/05/21 | Published: 2020/02/29

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