Volume 23, Issue 4 (winter 2020)                   JWSS 2020, 23(4): 367-381 | Back to browse issues page


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Sabzevari Y, Nasrollahi A. Feasibility Study of Drip Irrigation Systems Regarding Groundwater Quality (A Case Study: Khorramabad Plain). JWSS. 2020; 23 (4) :367-381
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3818-en.html
1. Department of Water Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran. , aliheidar200@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3351 Views)
One of the ways to increase water productivity in agriculture is the use of new irrigation systems; for the precise design of these systems, water quality assessment is needed. The purpose of this study was to study the groundwater quality of Khorramabad plain for the implementation of drip irrigation systems. The qualitative indices of EC, SAR, TDS, TH, Na and pH were related to the statistical years 2006-2012. In this research, the data were normalized first and it was determined that the data were abnormal; so, the logarithmic method was used for normalization. To evaluate the groundwater quality of the area, land use methods were used. Among different methods, the ordinary kriging interpolation method with the least root mean square error for all parameters was used. Quality zoning maps showed that in the north and southwest, EC and SAR concentrations were in poor condition in terms of qualitative classification. TDS had a concentration of more than 4000 milligramrels, and Na had a concentration of more than 15 milligrams / ltr. In these areas, TH with the concentration of more than 730 mg / l had the highest contamination; in the central area of the plain, there was a higher risk of carbonate sediments. LSI rates in the western regions were more than one, which included about 12% of the plain; there were restrictions on the implementation of droplet systems in these areas. The best quality for implementing these systems was located in the south-east of the plain, covering 19% of the plain. Finally, the integrated map of qualitative characteristics showed that the maximum concentration of qualitative characteristics was located in the northern, central and southern regions, which included 62.29% of the plain area.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2018/12/24 | Accepted: 2019/06/17 | Published: 2020/02/29

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