Volume 23, Issue 3 (Fall 2019)                   jwss 2019, 23(3): 261-273 | Back to browse issues page

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Khalaj M, Gohari S, Okhravi S S. The Numerical and Experimental Study of Scouring Pattern around Direct and Polo-Shaped Groynes. jwss 2019; 23 (3) :261-273
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3768-en.html
1. Department of Water Science Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bu-Ali Sina, Hamedan, Iran. , S.gohari@basu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4312 Views)
Experimental and numerical study of scouring pattern on the direct and polo-shaped groynes have been investigated in this paper. In this study, direct and polo-shaped groynes models with a length of 0.12 meter have been used in discharges of 10.5, 15, 20 liters per second in a direct flume. The results showed that the maximum scour depth formed around the groyne head of direct and polo-shaped types has increased with augmentation of flow discharge, which was 0.095 and 0.104 meter in the case of 20 L/s discharge respectively. Also, the width of scour hole was 2.25 and 2 times of effective length of the groyne in direct and polo-shaped groynes respectively. In this regards, maximum scour depth around the head of groyne was seen 0.87 and 0.79 times of the effective length of the groyne. Sand form located at downstream of the direct groyne at the distance of 0.09 and 0.15 meters from the side wall of direct groyne was stretched and extended to about 1.3 times of the channel width as well. While the length of the sand form for direct groyne was 1.15 times of the channel width. Overall, the dimensions of the scour hole around the polo-shaped groyne, was less than the direct groyne. In addition to understanding the hydraulic behaviour around the groyne, Flow3D software was used. Statistical survey of the results obtained by experimental and numerical models attested that the relative error of the numerical model could be about 20%, which shows an appropriate performance of using Flow3D for predicting the maximum scour depth.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2018/08/19 | Accepted: 2018/12/5 | Published: 2019/12/23

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