Volume 23, Issue 3 (Fall 2019)                   JWSS 2019, 23(3): 367-380 | Back to browse issues page

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Shahrokhi Z, Zare M, Mirmohammadi Maybodi A, Arabi Aliabad F. The Effect of Drought on Surface Water Quality of the Halil-Rood Basin, Kerman . JWSS. 2019; 23 (3) :367-380
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3702-en.html
Isfahan University , maibody@cc.iut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (810 Views)
Droughts are natural events and could lead to declining surface water quality of regional basin. Understanding the complex impacts of drought may help authorities to monitor changes in different regional basin and to make appropriate decision on development of a river basin management plan. In this study 20 years annual precipitation time series from 1994-2013 from 7 synoptic weather stations located in the Halil-Rood basin were analysed using both Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) and Reconnaissance Drought Index (RDI) and then dry (-1.35 to -1.75) and wet years (1/7 to 2.45) were determined by model simulation studies. Several climate based drought indices and remotely sensed based drought indices were used for monitoring and evaluating of drought. The impact of drought on the water quality parameters in the study area was evaluated. Results showed that there was significant relationship between most of the examined water quality parameters (Ca2+, Mg2+, HCO3-, SO42+, Na+, total dissolved solids TDS, SAR) and drought, however there was no significant relationship between water pH and drought. The study indicated that focus on the drought indices might be helpful as a tool in improving surface water resources management under drought condition and may promote sustainable water resources utilization and management in the study area. Also, dividing the Halil-Rood basin into several homogeneous regions is recommended for future studies to prepare a better ground for studying the effect of drought on the quality of water at a regional scale.
Full-Text [PDF 1032 kb]   (109 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2018/04/21 | Accepted: 2019/01/22 | Published: 2019/12/23

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