Volume 23, Issue 2 (Summer 2019)                   jwss 2019, 23(2): 189-200 | Back to browse issues page

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Torki Harchegani R, Mirghaffari N, Soleimani Aminabadi M. Comparison of Linear and Nonlinear Kinetic Models and Adsorption Isotherms of Zinc from an Aqueous Solution by Biochar. jwss 2019; 23 (2) :189-200
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3684-en.html
1. Department of Natural Resources, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran. , fatorki110@gmail.com
Abstract:   (5398 Views)
Fruits and citrus wastes are generated in the food industry in large quantities. Their management in Iran, as one of the major hubs of fruits and citrus production, is of great importance. In this study, the biochar samples were prepared from pomegranate, orange and lemon peel waste produced in a juice factory using the pyrolysis process in the range of 400-500 °C; then their efficiency for zinc adsorption from an aqueous solution was investigated. The kinetic and isotherm data of zinc adsorption were fitted by the linear and nonlinear forms of the Langmuir and Frendlich isotherm models and the first-order and second-order pseudo-kinetics models. The results showed that under the experimental conditions applied, the maximum amount of zinc absorption by biochars derived from pomegranate, orange and lemon peel was 2.42, 1.83 and 3.17 mg/g, respectively. The results of adsorption isotherm models also showed that the use of the linear form could lead to a completely different interpretation, as compared to the original form of the model. Based on the linear forms, the Langmuir isotherm was the best; meanwhile, according to the non-linear forms, the Freundlich isotherm was the best model to describe the adsorption data. In addition, the reaction kinetics indicated that both original and linear models had the same results, and the data were better fitted by the pseudo-second order model.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2018/03/11 | Accepted: 2018/07/30 | Published: 2019/09/1

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