Volume 23, Issue 2 (Summer 2019)                   jwss 2019, 23(2): 303-317 | Back to browse issues page

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Azadikhah R, Sedghiasl M, Adhami E, Owliaie H R, Karami A, Saadipour S. Evaluation of Spatial Variations of Soil Infiltration and its Models Parameters Using Geostatistics (A case study: Mansour Abad Plain). jwss 2019; 23 (2) :303-317
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3619-en.html
1. Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran. , roya.azadikhah93@gmail.com
Abstract:   (4775 Views)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the spatial distribution of soil infiltration using geostatistics methods in a regional scale on 400 hectares of Mansour Abad Plain, in Larestan region, Fars Province. Sampling and parameters measurement were done for 78 points in a regular grid with a distance of 100*100 meters; for these variables, the best variogram model between linear, exponential, Gaussian and spherical models with the highest R2 and the lowest error was determined using GS+ and ArcGIS software. In this study, soil infiltration (cm/min) using the double ring method and some other soil properties including soil electrical conductivity (dS/m), pH, saturation percentage (%SP), particle size percentage (sand, silt and clay), and calcium (meq/lit), magnesium (meq/lit), sodium (meq/lit) were measured and determined. The spatial distribution of Kostiakov and Philip models parameters and theri zoning were determined using the geostatistic method. The results showed that, among different soil properties, the final infiltration rate had a high degree of variability in the study area, and the decision was based on the usual averaging methods, which could have a lot of error. Among applied infiltration models, Kostiakov model and Philip model were the best empirical and physical infiltratin models, respectively, in the studied area. The best semivariogram model for the steady state infiltration rate was Philip model, with the coeficients of S and A, and a coefficient of Kostiakove model was gaussian; for the b coefficient, Kostiakove model was exponential. Spatial structure of the final infiltration rate, a and b coefficients of Kostiakove model, and S and A coefficients of the Philip model, was strong. The best interpolation method for the final infiltration rate was cokriging with the cofactor of silt percentage, for the S coefficient of Philip model was inverse distance weighting (IDW); for a and b coefficients of Kostiakove model, kriging and IDW were suitable, respectively.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2017/11/21 | Accepted: 2018/08/18 | Published: 2019/09/1

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