Volume 23, Issue 2 (Summer 2019)                   jwss 2019, 23(2): 417-431 | Back to browse issues page


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Aalipour H, Nikbakht A, Etemadi N, Soleimani M, Rejali F. Evaluating the Effect of Cadmium on the Decline of Arizona Cypress Seedlings and the Enhancement Role of Mycorrhizal Fungus and Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria. jwss 2019; 23 (2) :417-431
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3607-en.html
1. Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran. , h.ali@ag.iut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (6075 Views)
Trees decline is a complex physiological disease that results from the interactions between several factors, one of which is heavy metal stress that ultimately leads to the death of trees. This experiment, which was conducted during 2016-2017 at the campus facility of the Department of Horticulture at Isfahan University of Technology, was conducted to investigate the effects of inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) (Rhizophagus intraradices and Funneliformis mosseae inoculated, and the combination of both species) and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), Pseudomonas Flourescens, on the growth responses of Arizona cypress (Cupressus arizonica G) to different concentrations of cadmium (0, 5, 10, 15, 20); this was done as a factorial experiment based on a completely randomized design, with three replications. The interactions between AMF, PGPR, and cadmium on potassium and iron concentration, height, and dry weight of Arizona cypress seedlings were significant. By increasing the concentration of cadmium in most of the treatments, the colonization, phosphorus, potassium and iron concentrations, height and dry weight of the shoot Arizona cypress seedlings were decreased, while the percentage of electrolyte leakage and proline content were increased. The AMF-inoculated plants increased phosphorus, potassium and iron concentrations, Height, shoot dry weight, proline content and reduced electrolyte leakage percentage, as compared to non-mycorrhizal (control) plants. In plants inoculated with both microorganism (mycorrhizal fungi and Pseudomonas), there was a positive effect regarding the concentration of nutrients such as potassium and iron; there was also the improvement of growth characteristics such as height and dry weight of the seedlings, as well as the appearance and freshness of the plant. The results, therefore, showed that inoculation of Arizona cypress seedlings with the combination of mycorrhizal fungi and Pseudomonas fluorescens bacteria could have a positive effect on the growth and survival of this tree under Cadmium stress condition.
Full-Text [PDF 296 kb]   (1402 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2017/10/31 | Accepted: 2018/09/23 | Published: 2019/09/1

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