Volume 23, Issue 4 (Special Issue of Flood and Soil Erosion, Winter 2019)                   jwss 2019, 23(4): 227-241 | Back to browse issues page

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Vaezi A R, Karimi S, Foroumadi M. The Effects of Land Use Change on the Rainfall Erosion Processes in a Marl Soil under Simulated Rainfalls in the West of Zanjan. jwss 2019; 23 (4) :227-241
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3584-en.html
1. Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran. , vaezi.alireza@gmail.com
Abstract:   (5627 Views)
Rainfall erosion is the first type of water erosion on the land which is affected by various factors such as land use change and previous rainfall. This study was carried out to investigate the influence of previous rainfalls on the process of rainfall erosion in two marl soils (pasture and that changed to agriculture) under the simulated rainfall. Toward this goal, aggregate samples with the diameters of 6 to 8 mm were randomly collected from the marl areas in the west of Zanjan. Soil aggregates were packed into 48 boxes with the dimension of 30×40 cm to examine the effects of eight rainfall durations with three replications. Eight simulated rainfalls with the duration of 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42 and 49 min and a constant intensity of 40 mm h-1 were used in the experiment. The soils were exposed to another simulated rainfall with 40 mm h-1 in terms of intensity for 15 min to study the rainfall erosion processes. The results showed that the aggregate breakdown was significantly affected by the previous rainfalls in the pasture soil (P<0.01), while there was no significant difference among the previous rainfalls in the case of agriculture soil.  Soil compaction and particles splash were significantly affected by previous rainfalls (P<0.05). Aggregate breakdown and particles splash were 1.41 and 1.31 times bigger than their values in the pasture soil. This study, therefore, revealed that the land use change in the mal areas increases the soil vulnerability to rainfall erosion processes. The rate of rainfall erosion processes in each rainfall event depends on the amount of previous rainfall. Increasing aggregate break down and soil water content by the previous rainfall could significantly influence the splash erosion rate in a marl soil.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2017/09/23 | Accepted: 2018/01/24 | Published: 2019/12/31

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