Volume 22, Issue 2 (Summer 2018)                   jwss 2018, 22(2): 345-359 | Back to browse issues page


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Mansouri A, Aminnejad B, Ahmadi H. Investigating the Effect of Climate Change on Inflow Runoff into the Karun-4 Dam Based on IPCC's Fourth and Fifth Report. jwss 2018; 22 (2) :345-359
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3573-en.html
1. Department of Civil Engineering, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran. , aminnejad@riau.ac.ir
Abstract:   (8216 Views)
In the present paper, fluctuations of inflow into the Karun-4 Dam under different scenarios of the climate change for the future period of 2021-2050 were investigated. For this purpose, the outputs of the HadCM3 model under the scenarios of B1 (optimistic) and A2 (pessimistic) were utilized for the fourth report; additionally, the outputs of the ensemble model under RCP 2.6 (optimistic) and RCP 8.5 (pessimistic) scenarios were used for the fifth report. Moreover, in order to estimate runoff in the future period, the artificial neural network was considered as a rainfall-runoff model. The results indicated that the average annual precipitation in the five study stations under B1 and RCP 2.6 scenarios was increased by 15 and 5%, respectively, while it showed a decrease equal to 8 and 6%, respectively under the scenarios A2 and RCP 8.5. Furthermore, the average annual temperature in all scenarios showed increase, which was at least 1.06 ⁰C under the scenario B1 and 1.89 ⁰C under scenario RCP 8.5. Examining the input inflow into the Karun-4 dam showed that under both B1 and RCP 2.6 scenarios, the annual inflow will be increased by 1.8 and 1.5%, respectively; under the two scenarios A2 and RCP of 8.5, the annual inflow will be decreased   to 10.4 and 9.8%, respectively.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2017/09/9 | Accepted: 2017/11/13 | Published: 2018/09/15

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