Volume 23, Issue 2 (Summer 2019)                   jwss 2019, 23(2): 1-12 | Back to browse issues page

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Sadeghian N, Vaezi A. Selectivity of Particles through Rill Erosion in Different Soil Textures. jwss 2019; 23 (2) :1-12
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3533-en.html
1. Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran. , sadeghiannasrin@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (5443 Views)
Sediment selectivity during transport may provide basic information for evaluating on-site and off-site impacts of the soil erosion. Limited information is, however, available on the selectivity of sediments in rill erosion, particularly in the rainfed furrows. Toward this, the sediment selectivity was investigated in three soil textures (loam, loamy sand sand clay loam) under 10% slope using 90 mm.h-1 rainfall intensity for 40 min. Soil samples were passed from a 10 mm sieve and packed in to the erosion flume with 0.4m × 4 m in dimensions. Particles size distribution (PSD) was determined in the sediments (PSDs) and compared with the original soil PSD (PSDo). The proportion of PSDs and PSDo was stated as PSDs/PSDo to show the selectivity of soil particles by rill erosion. Based on the results, all three soils appeared as the coarse particles (coarse sand and very coarse sand) in sediments with the PSDs/PSDo>1, indicating the higher selectivity of these particles by rill erosion. Loamy sand was the most susceptible soil to rill erosion among the studied soils, which generated a higher runoff (0.0035 m2.s-1) and sediment load (0.1 kg.m-1.s-1) during rainfall. The PSDs of this soil were similar to those of the original soil PSD. This study revealed that the stability of aggregates could be regarded as the major soil factor controlling rill erosion rate and the sediment selectivity in the semi-arid soils. With an increase in the water-stable aggregates, soil infiltration rate and as a consequence, shear stress of flow could be decreased in the rills.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2017/06/22 | Accepted: 2017/10/11 | Published: 2019/09/1

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