Volume 23, Issue 4 (Special Issue of Flood and Soil Erosion, Winter 2019)                   JWSS 2019, 23(4): 345-359 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohammadi S, Karimian E. Estimation of Urban Runoff to Supply for Irrigation of Green Space (A Case Study: Sarpol-e Zahab ). JWSS. 2019; 23 (4) :345-359
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3298-en.html
Isfahan University of Technology , shahin_mohammadi70@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (690 Views)
Nowadays, water supply for the sectors of household consumption, agriculture, green spaces and industry is currently one of the most important challenges for governments in many parts of the world, especially in arid and semi-arid climate regions such as Iran. The aim of this study was to simulate the amount of run-off from the daily precipitation for Sarpol-e Zahab city, for the purpose of estimating the required amount of water for the irrigation of the green spaces of the city. In this study. After providing information and using the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) map of city, all individual sub-basins of the basin were produced. All data related to creating and overlaying hydrologic, climatologic and physiographic layers were used according to the HEC-HMS hydrologic model. The run-off depth and flood volume of each sub-basin were obtained through the SCS method. Then the required amount of water for the green areas of Sarpol-e Zahab city was calculated. The efficient rainfall was estimated using four methods including SCS, 80 percentage, reliability, and USDA for each month, separately. Finally, the amount of needed water for the green area was obtained using these four mentioned methods. The results indicated that the role of curve number in the infiltration rate was more than other variants. Impermeability of urban basins and changes was created due to the growth and development of the city such as removal of vegetation, soil compaction, creation of the water collection and leading surface waters, decreasing the amount of water penetrating to soil significantly. The amount of surface water for sub-basins was estimated to be 266000 cubic meters. Besides, the results showed the amount of required water for 5 months of the year (from early May to September late) using four methods of SCS, 80percentage, reliability  and USDA was  equal to 243525, 238062, 267865 and 236458 cubic meters, respectively. The amount of the estimated runoff volume was 266,000 cubic meters. Regarding the area of green spaces in Sarpol-e Zahab city and its daily need of water, this volume of water could  supply the required amount of water to irrigate the green area of the city for five months (From May to September).
Full-Text [PDF 590 kb]   (57 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2016/06/22 | Accepted: 2017/01/2

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