Volume 22, Issue 1 (Spring 2018)                   jwss 2018, 22(1): 29-44 | Back to browse issues page

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Vaezi A R, Mazloom Aliabadi Y. Temporal Variations of Stream Discharge and Nutrients Loss in the TahamChai Catchment, North-Western Iran. jwss 2018; 22 (1) :29-44
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3249-en.html
1. Dept. of Soil Sci., Faculty of Agric., Univ. of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran. , vaezi.alireza@gmail.com
Abstract:   (8945 Views)

Water loss and nutrients loss are one of the important signs of natural resource degradation in the catchments. The amount of loss of these resources is affected by several factors including the characteristics of rainfall. In this study, the data of stream discharge (Q), total dissolve solids (TDS), and total nutrient loss ratio (NR) along with rainfall characteristics were analyzed for the events   from1988 to 2002 in the Tahamchai catchment, which is owned by a regional water company. Moreover, soil properties were determined by soil sampling from different points in the catchment surface. Based on the results, there was a significant correlation between Q of the river and rainfall height (r=0.24, p<0.05), while its correlations with the rainfall intensity and duration were not statistically significant. On the one hand, this result was due to the inverse relationship between rainfall intensity and rainfall duration; on the other hand, due to the temporal variations in vthe egetation cover in the area, it controlled Q in the intensive rainfalls. The highest Q was in spring (1.68 m3 sec-1) and March (2.58 m3 sec-1). In this period, rainfall height was high and the rainfalls interval was short. Moreover, vegetation cover was weak, so it could not control surface runoff and reduce Q in the catchment. TDS and NR also significantly varied during the months and their highest values were observed in December (282.55 mg l-1) and (61.77 mg l-1), respectively. Mg2+ had the highest amount of water loss in the catchment area. A negative correlation was found between Q and TDS (r=0.41, p<0.001) and NR (r=0.31, p<0.001). This study revealed that spring and autumn were the sensitive period for water loss and nutrient loss in the catchment, respectively. Therefore, promoting the vegetation cover in early spring and reducing improper agricultural practices (tillage and fertilization) could be substantial strategies contributing to conserving the catchment’s resources.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2016/03/14 | Accepted: 2017/02/5 | Published: 2018/06/10

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