Volume 8, Issue 4 (winter 2005)                   jwss 2005, 8(4): 157-165 | Back to browse issues page

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A. Sheikhi Garjan, K. Talebi, A. A. Pourmirza. Effect of some Pyrethroid and Organphosphorous Insecticides on Developmental Stages of Trissolcus grandis (Thom.) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) . jwss 2005; 8 (4) :157-165
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-310-en.html
Abstract:   (26464 Views)
The egg parasitoids are the major natural enemies of sunn pest and application of selective insecticides is one of the strategies for conservation of natural enemies. The toxicity of five different insecticides used in cereal fields to the parasitized eggs was investigated under laboratory conditions. The insecticide solutions were made based on the recommended field rates. 3-, 5- and 8- day -old parasitized eggs were dipped into insecticide solutions. Among the treated developmental stages (except for the fenirothion), 3- and 8- day- old parasitized eggs showed the highest and the lowest emergence percentages, respectively. Deltamethrin had maximum effect on emergence percentage whereas phosalone had the least hazardous effects. There was a significant difference in parasitism percentage between 3- and 8- day- old parasitized eggs in each of the 4 treatments, viz trichlorphon, fenitrothion, deltamethrin and esfenvalerate. Adults emerging from 3- day- old eggs parasitised less eggs than those emerged from 8- day- old eggs in fenitrothion, and trichlorphon treatments. All tested insecticides were highly toxic to the adult parasitoid, causing 100% mortality when the adults were exposed to sprayed areas at recommended rates.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9 | Published: 2005/01/15

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