Volume 22, Issue 1 (Spring 2018)                   JWSS 2018, 22(1): 255-266 | Back to browse issues page


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Moradi H R, Rahmati M, Karimi H. Evaluating the Effects of Meteorological Drought on the Karstic Aquifers with Karst Development in Different Conditions. JWSS. 2018; 22 (1) :255-266
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2911-en.html
1. Dept. of Watershed Manage. Eng., Faculty of Natural Resour., Tarbiat Modares Univ., Noor, Iran.
Abstract:   (2689 Views)
Groundwater is a major source of drought. Karstic aquifers are important sources of groundwater in the West and Kermanshah province. This study was performed to investigate the effects of the meteorological drought on the karstic aquifer with different conditions of development. The studied areas in this research included two karstic aquifers, Bistoon-Parau and Patagh mountain in Kermanshah province. In this study, we used monthly precipitation and springs discharge during a period of 20 years.  Accordingly, the SPI and SDI indices were used to investigate the different states of meteorological and hydrological droughts, respectively. To determine the relationship between meteorological droughts and groundwater, Pearson correlation was used; aalso, to determine the time delay, the correlation between the different time conditions (no delay and delay 1 to 6 months) of the SDI index and the SPI index was investigated. The results of the relationship between the meteorological drought and groundwater showed that both had a significant correlation (p-value: 0.01). Also,  based on the results of the correlation between different time conditions (no delay and delay 1 to 6 months) ,the SDI index was compared to the SPI index, showing that the time delay between the occurrence of meteorological drought and groundwater in the studied areas without time delay or a maximum one-month delay had happened. Based on the results, Pearson correlation coefficients between the SPI and SDI indices in the Bistoon-Parav region were more than those of the Patagh mountain region indicating the development of the Bistoon-Parav karst region, as compared with the Patagh Mountain.
Full-Text [PDF 394 kb]   (249 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2015/03/1 | Accepted: 2017/10/30

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