Volume 9, Issue 1 (spring 2005)                   jwss 2005, 9(1): 195-203 | Back to browse issues page

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M. R. Bahreini Behzadi, F. Eftekhari Shahroudi, L. D. Van Vleck. The Study of Maternal Effects on Estimation of Heritabilities and Determination of Environmental Factors on Early Growth Traits in Kermani Sheep. jwss 2005; 9 (1) :195-203
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-291-en.html
Abstract:   (24382 Views)
Data from the birth weight (BW), the average daily gain from birth to weaning (ADG) and the weaning weight (WW) of 1182, 1099 and 1099 lambs were respectively collected and applied to estimate the maternal effects on heritabilities as well as on the determination of the environmental factors. The data were collected from Shahrbabak Sheep Breeding Research Station within five year, from 1993 to 1998. The effects of the year of birth, the age of the dam and its sex on all the traits were significant. The type of birth had no effect on BW but it was significant for the other two traits. Estimates of (co)variance components and genetic parameters were obtained by restricted maximum likelihood, using single and two-trait animal models. Based on the most appropriate fitted model, direct heritability of BW, ADG and WW were estimated at 0.10± 0.06, 0.21 ±0.08 and 0.22± 0.09, respectively. The maternal heritability for the three traits was also estimated at 0.27± 0.04, 0.15 ±0.05 and 0.19 ±0.05, respectively. Direct genetic and phenotypic correlations between BW and ADG BW and WW ADG and WW were estimated at 0.85 and 0.41 0.82 and 0.48 and 0.99 and 0.99, respectively. Ignoring maternal effects in animal model caused overestimation of direct heritability. Thus maternal effects are significant sources of variation for early growth traits and their ignorance in the animal model causes inaccurate genetic evaluation of the lambs.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9 | Published: 2005/04/15

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