Volume 17, Issue 63 (Spring 2013)                   jwss 2013, 17(63): 71-80 | Back to browse issues page

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M. Rabie, M. Gheysari, S.M. Mirlatifi. Evaluation of DSSAT Model for Nitrate Leaching under Different Water and Nitrogen Rates in Maize Field. jwss 2013; 17 (63) :71-80
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2543-en.html
, gheysari@cc.iut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (15377 Views)
Nitrate leaching from agricultural lands can pollute groundwater, and the degree of pollution caused significantly depends on agricultural practices implemented on farms. Field studies required to evaluate the effects of various agricultural management strategies on nitrate leaching are expensive and time consuming. As a result, it is suggested to use crop models to simulate the effects of management practices on nitrate leaching. Plant growth models such as DSSAT software package can simulate daily plant growth and development, and also are capable of simulating daily nitrate leaching and nitrogen uptake by plants. However, it is required to evaluate the performance of any model before using it for any specific region. In this study, the performance of nitrogen balance model of DSSAT software package was evaluated to simulate nitrate leaching from the root zone of silage maize at different levels of applied water and nitrogen fertilizer. The experiment consisted of three levels of nitrogen fertilizers, including zero, 150 and 200 kg N ha-1 and four levels of applied water 0.7SMD (soil moisture depletion), 0.85SMD, 1.0SMD and 1.13SMD. Nitrate-nitrogen leaching from 36 plots at the 60 cm depth during the growing period was measured by soil moisture suction equipment (ceramic suction cups, CSC). After calibrating the model by using field data, its performance was evaluated to simulate nitrate leaching. Maximum amount of N leaching 8.4 kg N ha-1 was obtained from over irrigation treatment with the application of 150 kg nitrogen per hectare. The model simulated nitrate leaching for this treatment as 7.8 kg N ha-1. The model consistently underestimated the nitrate leaching however, it followed the behavior of nitrate leaching during the growing season. In deficit irrigation treatments, the nitrate leaching was very low and close to zero and the model simulated the same result accordingly. The results showed that the model, in addition to phenological stages and performance indicators, can simulate nitrate leaching from the root zone and could be used to evaluate the effects of various irrigation and fertilizer management strategies on nitrate leaching.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2013/06/2 | Accepted: 2013/06/2 | Published: 2013/06/2

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