Volume 16, Issue 61 (fall 2012)                   JWSS 2012, 16(61): 141-155 | Back to browse issues page

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M. Ajami, F. Khormali. Pedogenic and Micromorphological Evidences of Land Degradation on Deforested Loess-Derived Soils in Eastern Golestan Province. JWSS. 2012; 16 (61) :141-155
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2435-en.html
, m_ajami2004@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (12629 Views)
In order to study land degradation from the soil genesis and micromorphological perspective, ten soil profiles were dug and described on five slope positions in both forest and deforested cultivated land. The soil samples were taken from all horizons for physico-chemical analysis and micromorphological studies. Forest soils had a well developed argillic and calcic horizons and also mollic epipedon. These soils were classified as Alfisols and Mollisols. Carbonate leaching into the depth of soil profile and translocation of clays to lower layers and formation of developed soils are by no means related closely with the dense forest cover and its subsequent landscape stability and favorable leaching conditions. Dominant soil orders in this area were Inceptisols and Mollisols. In cultivated landuse, no argillic horizon was observed except in toeslope position. Absence of argillic horizon or its elimination following deforestation is one of the most important and obvious pedogenetic evidences of land degradation after land use change. Outcropping of high carbonatic layers (calcic horizon), disappearance of mollic and formation of ochric epipedon, presence of redoximorphic features attributed to runoff in lowland, decrease of solum thickness, and change of soil color were the other pedogenic indicators for land degradation in the study area. Microscopic observations showed that granular and crumb microstructures with high porosity were converted to massive and compact ones with low porosity in the deforested area. Disappearance of clay coatings besides absence of excremental pedofeatures were the other important micromorphological evidences of erosion and land degradation.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2012/12/27 | Published: 2012/10/15

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