Volume 18, Issue 67 (Spring 2014)                   jwss 2014, 18(67): 151-163 | Back to browse issues page

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N. Najafi, H. Towfighi. Changes in Available Phosphorus and Inorganic Native Phosphorus Fractions after Waterlogging in the Paddy Soils of North of Iran. jwss 2014; 18 (67) :151-163
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2082-en.html
, n-najafi@tabrizu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (16279 Views)
Phosphorus behavior in waterlogged soils is significantly different from non-waterlogged soils. Changes in available phosphorus and inorganic phosphorus fractions after waterlogging in the paddy soils of north of Iran were studied in a laboratory research. A factorial experiment in a completely randomized design with two replications was performed with factors of soil at 14 levels (10 alkaline-calcareous and 4 non-calcareous or acid soils) and duration of waterlogging period at three levels (0, 30, 90 days). At the end of waterlogging period, phosphorus fractions in calcareous soils by Jiang and Gu method and in non-calcareous soils by Kuo method and available-P by Olsen method were determined. The results showed that the level of available-P in all soils was increased 90 days after waterlogging (on the average 2.3 times). In general, all P fractions were changed significantly after waterlogging and the amount of change was different depending on P fraction, soil type, and duration of waterlogging period. These results indicated the complex behavior of P in soils. The Al-phosphates were increased in 12 out of 14 calcareous and non-calcareous soils 90 days after waterlogging compared with air-dry soil. The Fe-phosphates were decreased in 9 out of 10 calcareous soils 90 days after waterlogging compared with air-dry soil while the effect of duration of waterlogging period on the Fe-phosphates in non-calcareous soils was not significant. The readily soluble-P in non-calcareous soils increased 30 and 90 days after waterlogging. The results indicated that some inorganic P fractions transformed into other fractions and probably organic P transformed into inorganic P during soil waterlogging period.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2012/04/4 | Accepted: 2012/10/16 | Published: 2014/06/7

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