Volume 17, Issue 65 (fall 2013)                   jwss 2013, 17(65): 39-50 | Back to browse issues page

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H. R. Owliaie, M.Najai Ghiri. Effect of Long-Term Rice Cultivation on Physico-Chemical Properties and Clay Mineralogy of Soils in Yasouj Region. jwss 2013; 17 (65) :39-50
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1888-en.html
Yasouj Univ , h_owliaie@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (14560 Views)
Paddy soils provide the staple diet for nearly half of the world's population. The formation of the Anthrosols is induced by tilling the wet soil (puddling), flooding and drainage regimes associated with the development of a plow pan and specific redoximorphic features. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of long-term rice cultivation on physico-chemical properties and clay mineralogy of soils of three rice farms and compare the results with adjacent virgin lands in Yasouj region. Paddy soils exhibited larger contents of clay, organic carbon, saturation percentage, cation exchangeable capacity, cation exchange activity classes, electrical conductivity and lower content of calcium carbonate equivalent compared to non-paddy soils. This land use showed higher proportions of Feo, Fet and lower content of Fed. No such differences were noticed with the type of clay minerals in both land uses. Paddy soils contained greater amount of smectite, particularly in the surface horizons. Smectite in paddy soils exhibited lower layer charge and higher degree of crystallinity compared to non-paddy soils. Transformation of illite and chlorite to expandable minerals is a possible mechanism for lower amounts of these minerals in paddy soils.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2012/01/3 | Accepted: 2012/05/13 | Published: 2013/12/3

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