Volume 17, Issue 66 (winter 2014)                   jwss 2014, 17(66): 225-233 | Back to browse issues page

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Nasrolahi A H, Behzad M, Bromand Nasab S, Heydariniya M. Examination of Effect of Pressure Changes on Hydrulic Characteristics of Pressure Compensating Emitters. jwss 2014; 17 (66) :225-233
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1785-en.html
, aliheidar_20@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (10193 Views)
Drip irrigation is a new method of irrigation that is rapidly growing in different countries. The emitters are the most important parts of a drip irrigation system. Many factors such as physical, chemical and biological clogging, pressure, water temperature affect the emitter´s uniformity of water emission. In this study, to investigate pressure effect on the hydraulic performance of emitters, 7 kinds of compensating emitters in the market were selected and studied in laboratory conditions. For this purpose, a drip irrigation system was designed in irrigation laboratory in faculty of water sciences engineering, Shahid Charm University, Ahwaz. Average flow of emitters, Manufacturer´s coefficient of variation of emitter(CV), emission uniformity(EU), Christiansen coefficient of uniformity(CU) and Flow Variations for all types of emitters at pressures of 5, 10, 15 and 20 meters were calculated and compared. Also, in order to compare the pressure compensating capacity, for every emitter the equation of Flow- pressure was extracted. Results showed that the D-type emitter has the best hydraulic performance from among the emitters tested. Therefore, to achieve higher efficiency and also to use it on slopes and uneven lands this emitter is recommended as the best. However, performances of other emitters are also acceptable.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2011/11/14 | Accepted: 2013/05/8 | Published: 2014/02/10

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