Volume 17, Issue 65 (fall 2013)                   jwss 2013, 17(65): 89-99 | Back to browse issues page

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Yousefi G, Safadoust A, Mosaddeghi M, Mahboubi A. Long-Term Cropping and Soil Texture Effects on Lithium and Bromide Transport Under Unsaturated Flow Conditions. jwss 2013; 17 (65) :89-99
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1617-en.html
University , golayeh.yousefi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (18933 Views)
This study was conducted to assess the long-term effects of soil texture and crop management on transport of lithium (Li+) and bromide (Br-) under unsaturated flow conditions. Treatments were two different soil textures of clay loam and sandy loam to be cropped with either wheat or alfalfa for 4 years. Undisturbed soil columns were taken for the steady-state flow condition using tap water prior to applying a pulse of 0.005 M (C0) LiBr solution as the influent. Four pore volumes (4PV) leaching for each column was obtained. Bromide and lithium concentrations of the effluent (C) were measured in 0.2PV intervals using bromide selective electrode and flame photometer, respectively. Relative concentrations (C/C0) of Br- and Li+ in the effluent were drawn vs. pore volumes. The results showed that the effluent concentrations were significantly affected by crop type and soil texture (in combination by soil structure). The breakthrough curves illustrated the early appearance of Br- in the effluent due to anion repulsion and retarded movement of Li+ because of surface adsorption through the soil columns. Both Br- and Li+ concentrations decreased with time and converged at low levels justifying the minor effect of macropores on continuation of leaching and final transport via soil matrix. The Br- and Li+ concentrations were higher in the effluent of clay loam soil under alfalfa due to higher structural stability compared with sandy loam soil under the same crop. It was also shown that in both soil textures the concentrations of Br- and Li+ appeared to be higher under alfalfa than under wheat, indicating the importance of crop management in contaminant transport compared with soil texture. The trends of breakthrough curves of Li+ were similar to Br- with lower concentration in effluent as a result of its adsorbtion on active surfaces.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2011/08/23 | Accepted: 2012/06/25 | Published: 2013/12/4

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