Volume 17, Issue 64 (summer 2013)                   jwss 2013, 17(64): 209-221 | Back to browse issues page

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Saeidian H, Moradi H R. Investigating of Erosion and Sediment Different Land uses on Aghajari Deposits. jwss 2013; 17 (64) :209-221
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1593-en.html
, hrmoradi@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (20061 Views)
The type and intensity of soil erosion in a region generally depend on climatic conditions, ups and downs, soil and land use. Of these, land use is most important. Using different systems of ploughing after unconscious and non-scientific change of land use affects soil physicochemical characteristics. This fact especially in marginal lands and mountainous regions is more visible. In order to investigate sensitivity to soil loss and erosion in various land uses of Aghajary deposits, part of Margha catchment with an area of 1609 hectares in Izeh city was selected. This was to determine the relationship between soil loss by rain simulator and some soil physicochemical characteristics like percentage of very fine sand, sand, clay, silt, pH, Ec, moisture, Calcium Carbonate and organic materials in different land uses. Then, sediment sampling in 7 points, three replicates and in various intensities of 0.75, 1 and 1.25 millimeters in minute in range, residential and agricultural land uses was done using rain simulator. In order to investigate effective factors in sediment production and erosion, samples of soil layers (in depth range of 0-20 cm meters) equal to the number of sediments were taken. For statistical analysis, EXCEL and SPSS 11.5 software were used. In total, the amount of runoff in residential land use was highest and in agriculture land use was lowest. The amount of sediment in agriculture land use was highest and in residential land use was lowest. Then, the most important factors in sediment yield were diagnosed by multi regression. The results showed that sediment yield and erodibility in land uses have meaningful differences in various intensities of precipitation. Regression models showed that in the production of sediment in various land uses, from among the measured factors, silt, sand very fine, lime, Ec, organic materials and pH had the greatest role. Sand percentage in the residential land use, and very fine sand and organic matter in agriculture land use had the most important role in sediment production. But in range land use, moisture percentage and pH had the biggest role in sediment production.
Full-Text [PDF 523 kb]   (3598 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2011/07/30 | Accepted: 2013/09/11 | Published: 2013/09/16

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