Volume 12, Issue 46 (1-2009)                   JWSS 2009, 12(46): 759-770 | Back to browse issues page

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Noruzi M, Jalalian A, Ayoubi S, Khademi H. Relationship between Wheat Yield and Terrain Attributes in Ardal Region, Charmahal and Bakhtiari Province. JWSS. 2009; 12 (46) :759-770
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1157-en.html
Abstract:   (28257 Views)
Crop yield, soil properties and erosion are strongly affected by terrain parameters. Therefore, knowledge about the effects of terrain parameters on strategic crops such as wheat production will help us with sustainable management of landscape. This study was conducted in 900ha, of Ardal district, Charmahal and Bakhtiari Province to develop regression models on wheat yield components vs. terrain parameters. Wheat yield and its components were measured in 100 points. Points were distributed randomly in stratified geomorphic surfaces. Yield components were measured by harvesting of 1 m2 plots. Terrain parameters were calculated by a 3×3 m spacing from digital elevation model. The result of descriptive statistics showed that all variables followed a normal distribution. The highest and lowest coefficient of variance (CV) was related to grain yield (0.36) and thousand seeds weight (0.13), respectively. Multiple regression models were established between yield components and terrain parameters attributes. The predictive models were validated using validation data set (20% of all data). The regression analysis revealed that wetness index and curvature were the most important attributes which explained about 45-78% of total yield components variability within the study area. The overall results indicated that topographic attributes may control a significant variability of rain-fed wheat yield. The result of validation analysis confirmed the above-stated conclusion with low RMSE and ME measures.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2010/06/19

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